SpringCloud分布式锁

By | 2021年12月31日

1 可选方案

  • 通过数据库(不可靠,性能低,不利于处理高并发的场景)
  • Redis 的 Redlock
  • ZooKeeper

使用数据库和Redis的Redlock这里我不说了,这里我只讲ZooKeeper。操作zookeeper使用的是apache提供的zookeeper的包。

2 ZooKeeper 分布式锁获取思路

解释:左边的整个区域表示一个Zookeeper集群,locker是Zookeeper的一个持久节点,node_1、node_2、node_3是locker这个持久节点下面的临时顺序节点。client_1、client_2、client_n表示多个客户端,Service表示需要互斥访问的共享资源。

  1. 在获取分布式锁的时候在locker节点下创建临时顺序节点,释放锁的时候删除该临时节点。
  2. 客户端调用createNode方法在locker下创建临时顺序节点,然后调用getChildren(“locker”)来获取locker下面的所有子节点,注意此时不用设置任何Watcher。
  3. 客户端获取到所有的子节点path之后,如果发现自己创建的子节点序号最小,那么就认为该客户端获取到了锁。
  4. 如果发现自己创建的节点并非locker所有子节点中最小的,说明自己还没有获取到锁,此时客户端需要找到比自己小的那个节点,然后对其调用exist()方法,同时对其注册事件监听器。
  5. 之后,让这个被关注的节点删除,则客户端的Watcher会收到相应通知,此时再次判断自己创建的节点是否是locker子节点中序号最小的,如果是则获取到了锁,如果不是则重复以上步骤继续获取到比自己小的一个节点并注册监听。

3 ZooKeeper 分布式锁的实现

DistributedLock.class

package com.wanghua.study;

import org.apache.zookeeper.*;
import org.apache.zookeeper.data.Stat;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.concurrent.CountDownLatch;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.concurrent.locks.Condition;
import java.util.concurrent.locks.Lock;

public class DistributedLock implements Lock, Watcher {

    private ZooKeeper zk = null;
    // 根节点
    private String ROOT_LOCK = "/locks";
    // 竞争的资源
    private String lockName;
    // 等待的前一个锁
    private String WAIT_LOCK;
    // 当前锁
    private String CURRENT_LOCK;
    // 计数器
    private CountDownLatch countDownLatch;
    private int sessionTimeout = 30000;
    private List<Exception> exceptionList = new ArrayList<Exception>();

    /**
     * 配置分布式锁
     *
     * @param config   连接的url
     * @param lockName 竞争资源
     */
    public DistributedLock(String config, String lockName) {
        this.lockName = lockName;
        try {
            // 连接zookeeper
            zk = new ZooKeeper(config, sessionTimeout, this);
            Stat stat = zk.exists(ROOT_LOCK, false);
            if (stat == null) {
                // 如果根节点不存在,则创建根节点
                zk.create(ROOT_LOCK, new byte[0], ZooDefs.Ids.OPEN_ACL_UNSAFE, CreateMode.PERSISTENT);
            }
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (KeeperException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    // 节点监视器
    public void process(WatchedEvent event) {
        if (this.countDownLatch != null) {
            this.countDownLatch.countDown();
        }
    }

    public void lock() {
        if (exceptionList.size() > 0) {
            throw new LockException(exceptionList.get(0));
        }
        try {
            if (this.tryLock()) {
                System.out.println(Thread.currentThread().getName() + " " + lockName + "获得了锁");
                return;
            } else {
                // 等待锁
                waitForLock(WAIT_LOCK, sessionTimeout);
            }
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (KeeperException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    public boolean tryLock() {
        try {
            String splitStr = "_lock_";
            if (lockName.contains(splitStr)) {
                throw new LockException("锁名有误");
            }
            // 创建临时有序节点
            CURRENT_LOCK = zk.create(ROOT_LOCK + "/" + lockName + splitStr, new byte[0],
                    ZooDefs.Ids.OPEN_ACL_UNSAFE, CreateMode.EPHEMERAL_SEQUENTIAL);
            System.out.println(CURRENT_LOCK + " 已经创建");
            // 取所有子节点
            List<String> subNodes = zk.getChildren(ROOT_LOCK, false);
            // 取出所有lockName的锁
            List<String> lockObjects = new ArrayList<String>();
            for (String node : subNodes) {
                String _node = node.split(splitStr)[0];
                if (_node.equals(lockName)) {
                    lockObjects.add(node);
                }
            }
            Collections.sort(lockObjects);
            System.out.println(Thread.currentThread().getName() + " 的锁是 " + CURRENT_LOCK);
            // 若当前节点为最小节点,则获取锁成功
            if (CURRENT_LOCK.equals(ROOT_LOCK + "/" + lockObjects.get(0))) {
                return true;
            }

            // 若不是最小节点,则找到自己的前一个节点
            String prevNode = CURRENT_LOCK.substring(CURRENT_LOCK.lastIndexOf("/") + 1);
            WAIT_LOCK = lockObjects.get(Collections.binarySearch(lockObjects, prevNode) - 1);
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (KeeperException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return false;
    }

    public boolean tryLock(long timeout, TimeUnit unit) {
        try {
            if (this.tryLock()) {
                return true;
            }
            return waitForLock(WAIT_LOCK, timeout);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return false;
    }

    // 等待锁
    private boolean waitForLock(String prev, long waitTime) throws KeeperException, InterruptedException {
        Stat stat = zk.exists(ROOT_LOCK + "/" + prev, true);

        if (stat != null) {
            System.out.println(Thread.currentThread().getName() + "等待锁 " + ROOT_LOCK + "/" + prev);
            this.countDownLatch = new CountDownLatch(1);
            // 计数等待,若等到前一个节点消失,则precess中进行countDown,停止等待,获取锁
            this.countDownLatch.await(waitTime, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);
            this.countDownLatch = null;
            System.out.println(Thread.currentThread().getName() + " 等到了锁");
        }
        return true;
    }

    public void unlock() {
        try {
            System.out.println("释放锁 " + CURRENT_LOCK);
            zk.delete(CURRENT_LOCK, -1);
            CURRENT_LOCK = null;
            zk.close();
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (KeeperException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    public Condition newCondition() {
        return null;
    }

    public void lockInterruptibly() throws InterruptedException {
        this.lock();
    }


    public class LockException extends RuntimeException {
        private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

        public LockException(String e) {
            super(e);
        }

        public LockException(Exception e) {
            super(e);
        }
    }
}

DistributedLockMain.class

package com.wanghua.study;

public class DistributedLockMain {

    static int n = 500;

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        Runnable runnable = new Runnable() {
            public void run() {
                DistributedLock lock = null;
                try {
                    lock = new DistributedLock("192.168.1.241:2181", "mylock");
                    lock.lock();
                    System.out.println(">>> " + Thread.currentThread().getName() + ": " + --n);
                } finally {
                    if (lock != null) {
                        lock.unlock();
                    }
                }
            }
        };

        for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
            Thread t = new Thread(runnable);
            t.start();
        }
    }
}

pom.xml

<dependencies>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.apache.zookeeper</groupId>
        <artifactId>zookeeper</artifactId>
        <version>3.4.13</version>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>

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